Does Education Reduce Teen Fertility? Evidence from Compulsory Schooling Laws

33 Pages Posted: 28 Sep 2015 Last revised: 2 Jan 2022

See all articles by Philip DeCicca

Philip DeCicca

McMaster University - Department of Economics; Ball State--Department of Economics

Harry A. Krashinsky

University of Toronto - Centre For Industrial Relations

Date Written: September 2015

Abstract

While less-educated women are more likely to give birth as teenagers, there is scant evidence the relationship is causal. We investigate this possibility using variation in compulsory schooling laws (CSLs) to identify the impact of formal education on teen fertility for a large sample of women drawn from multiple waves of the Canadian Census. We find that greater CSL-induced schooling reduces the probability of giving birth as a teenager by roughly two to three percentage points. We find evidence that education affects the timing of births in a way that strongly implies an “incarceration” effect of education. In particular, we find large negative impacts of education on births to young women aged seventeen and eighteen, but little evidence of an effect after these ages, consistent with the idea that being enrolled in school deters fertility in a contemporaneous manner. Our findings are robust to the inclusion of several province-level characteristics including multiple dimensions of school quality, expenditures on public programs and region-specific time trends.

Suggested Citation

DeCicca, Philip and DeCicca, Philip and Krashinsky, Harry A., Does Education Reduce Teen Fertility? Evidence from Compulsory Schooling Laws (September 2015). NBER Working Paper No. w21594, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2666362

Philip DeCicca (Contact Author)

McMaster University - Department of Economics ( email )

Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M4
Canada

Ball State--Department of Economics ( email )

United States

Harry A. Krashinsky

University of Toronto - Centre For Industrial Relations ( email )

121 St. George Street
Toronto M5S 2E8
Canada
(416) 978-5696 (Phone)

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