Perceived Threat, Contact and Attitudes Towards the Integration of Immigrants. Evidence from Luxembourg.

Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER) Working Paper Series 2015-01

28 Pages Posted: 25 Nov 2015

See all articles by Marie-Sophie Callens

Marie-Sophie Callens

Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER); KU Leuven

Bart Meuleman

KU Leuven

Marie Valentova

Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER)

Date Written: October 2015

Abstract

This paper examines the relation between immigration-related threat perceptions and the attitudes towards the integration (i.e. assimilation and multiculturalism) of immigrants by natives. Additionally it explores how that relationship interplays with intense contact with foreigners. The analysis is performed on a sample of natives in Luxembourg – the country with the highest proportion of immigrants in Europe. The European Value Study from 2008 for Luxembourg and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) is used to conduct the analyses. The outcomes of our analyses reveal that feelings of threat are associated with less support for multicultural attitudes, whereas the opposite can be found with respect to support for assimilation attitudes. Furthermore, it was found that more intense contact with immigrant friends is negatively correlated with threat perceptions and support for assimilation and positively correlated with support for multicultural attitudes. Lastly, more contact with immigrants is also directly related to integration preferences.

Keywords: intergroup relations, assimilation, multiculturalism, perceived threat, contact, Luxembourg

JEL Classification: Z19

Suggested Citation

Callens, Marie-Sophie and Meuleman, Bart and Valentova, Marie, Perceived Threat, Contact and Attitudes Towards the Integration of Immigrants. Evidence from Luxembourg. (October 2015). Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER) Working Paper Series 2015-01 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2694572 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2694572

Marie-Sophie Callens (Contact Author)

Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER) ( email )

11, Porte des Sciences
Campus Belval – Maison des Sciences Humaines
Esch-sur-Alzette, L-4366
Luxembourg

KU Leuven ( email )

Oude Markt 13
Leuven, Vlaams-Brabant 3000
Belgium

Bart Meuleman

KU Leuven ( email )

Oude Markt 13
Leuven, Vlaams-Brabant 3000
Belgium

Marie Valentova

Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER) ( email )

11, Porte des Sciences
Campus Belval – Maison des Sciences Humaines
Esch-sur-Alzette, L-4366
Luxembourg

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