Do Ethical Funds Underperform Conventional Funds? - Empirical Evidence from India
International Journal of Business Ethics in Developing Economies, ISSN 2278-3172, Vol 4 issue 2, Dec 2015, pp 10-19.
10 Pages Posted: 23 Aug 2016
Date Written: December 1, 2015
One of the significant developments in the investing community is the rise of socially responsible or ethical investments during last two decades. Because of the increasing size and importance of ethical mutual funds, this paper seeks to evaluate and compare the performance of ethical mutual funds with general funds and benchmark index (S&P BSE Shariah 500 Equity Index) in the Indian market.
The sample comprises six ethical fund schemes and three general fund schemes of Tauras mutual fund over the period 2009-2014 using weekly NAVs. The study uses return, risk, risk-adjusted measures (Sharpe ratio, Treynor ratio, Jensen’s alpha and information ratio), Fama’s decomposition measure, paired samples t-test, and growth regression equation to accomplish the objectives. The findings suggest thatsome of the ethical funds generated significantly higher return than other funds and benchmark index. Despite having higher risk, ethical funds outperformed other funds and benchmark index on the basis of various risk-adjusted measures and net selectivity returns. This indicates that the compromise made with respect to diversification by investing in ethical funds was well rewarded in terms of higher returns in Indian context. Our findings lend support to the case of ethical investing in India. Mutual funds and other investment funds should launch schemes which invest in socially responsible or ethical stocks.
Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility, Ethical Investing, Fama’s Decomposition Measure, Mutual Funds, Socially Responsible Investing
JEL Classification: G14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation