Testing the Capital Asset Pricing Model Efficiently Under Elliptical Symmetry: A Semiparametric Approach
26 Pages Posted: 13 Sep 2001
Date Written: June 8, 2001
We develop new tests of the capital asset pricing model which are optimal under the assumption that the distribution generating returns is elliptically symmetric; this assumption is necessary and sufficient for the validity of the CAPM. Our test is based on semiparametric efficient estimation procedures for a seemingly unrelated regression model where the multivariate error density is elliptically symmetric, but otherwise unrestricted. The elliptical symmetry assumption allows us to avoid the curse of dimensionality problem that typically arises in multivariate semiparametric estimation procedures, because the multivariate elliptically symmetric density function can be written as a function of a scalar transformation of the observed multivariate data. The elliptically symmetric family includes a number of thick-tailed distributions and so is potentially relevant in financial applications. Our estimated betas are lower than the OLS estimates, and our parameter estimates are much less consistent with the CAPM restrictions than the corresponding OLS estimates.
Keywords: Adaptive Estimation, Capital Asset Pricing Model, Elliptical Symmetry, Semiparametric Efficiency
JEL Classification: C22
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