Impact of Pakistani Labor Migrant Network on Pakistan’s International Trade with the Middle East

Pakistan Business Review, July 2016

14 Pages Posted: 26 Sep 2016 Last revised: 5 Oct 2016

See all articles by Shabir Hyder

Shabir Hyder

COMSATS Institute of Information Technology

Saddam Hussain

COMSATS Institute of Information Technology

Imran Malik

COMSATS Institute of Information Technology

Muhammad Anees

COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT)

Anwar Khan

COMSATS Institute of Information Technology

Date Written: July 4, 2016

Abstract

Emigrants possess knowledge of host and sending countries’ cultures and social environments that can help strengthen the economic relationship between them. We find this to be true for Pakistan and its selected Middle East trading partners for whom the data are available. Gravity model estimates suggest that each Pakistani emigrant contributed $422 to exports. This increase in exports can be attributed to Pakistani emigrants’ superior knowledge of both countries environment as well as their help in reducing transaction costs in trade. This study should be helpful to policy makers, who generally consider migrants to be the source of remittances only, while our study showed that migrants help broaden our international trade as well.

JEL Classification: F22, F22, F22, F24

Suggested Citation

Hyder, Shabir and Hussain, Saddam and Malik, Imran and Anees, Muhammad and Khan, Anwar, Impact of Pakistani Labor Migrant Network on Pakistan’s International Trade with the Middle East (July 4, 2016). Pakistan Business Review, July 2016, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2842962

Shabir Hyder

COMSATS Institute of Information Technology ( email )

1.5 KM Defence Rd
Lahore
Pakistan

Saddam Hussain

COMSATS Institute of Information Technology

1.5 KM Defence Rd
Lahore
Pakistan

Imran Malik

COMSATS Institute of Information Technology

1.5 KM Defence Rd
Lahore
Pakistan

Muhammad Anees (Contact Author)

COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT) ( email )

Near Officers Colony
Kamra Road
Attock, Punjab 43600
Pakistan
0092579316330 (Phone)
0092579316329 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://ww3.comsats.edu.pk/faculty/FacultyDetails.aspx?Uid=18769

Anwar Khan

COMSATS Institute of Information Technology

1.5 KM Defence Rd
Lahore
Pakistan

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