How Does Shareholder Governance Affect the Cost of Borrowing? Evidence from the Passage of Anti-Takeover Provisions
71 Pages Posted: 16 Nov 2016 Last revised: 25 Apr 2022
Date Written: February 22, 2019
This paper examines the effect of shareholder governance on firms' cost of borrowing. Using voting results on shareholder-sponsored anti-takeover governance proposals, we find significant and negative reactions in the public debt market to the passage of these governance proposals. Banks also demand higher interest rates and more general covenants after the passage of these proposals. The effects are more pronounced for ex ante risky firms. Moreover, firms with proposals passed become more volatile, indicating an increase in risk-shifting incentives of the firms. Collectively, our findings suggest that shareholder governance can exacerbate shareholder-debtholder conflicts and raise firms' costs of borrowing.
Keywords: Shareholder Governance, Public Debt, Private Debt, Voting, Regression Discontinuity
JEL Classification: G14, G21, G32, G34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation