The Impact of Participation in Strategic Planning and Action Planning on Management Control Effectiveness: An Analysis of Independent and Joint Effects
27 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2017 Last revised: 5 Sep 2017
Date Written: January 6, 2017
This study investigates subordinate participation in the planning processes of top management. Specifically, this study examines the independent and joint effects of subordinate participation in strategic planning and action planning on management control (MC) effectiveness. While these planning processes have been subject to significant research, little is known about the interrelationships between strategic planning and action planning. This study hypothesizes that strategic planning and action planning have both independent and joint effects on MC effectiveness. This study draws on a large survey database of top managers across 11 countries. The analysis shows that participative action planning has positive, direct effects on MC effectiveness, while no significant association is found for participation in strategic planning. We also find that participative strategic planning and participative action planning are interdependent control choices. However, contrary to expectations, we find that they act as substitutes rather than complements.
Keywords: strategic planning, action planning, budgeting, participation, management control effectiveness, complementarity
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