Evaluating the Impact of School Decentralization on Education Quality

40 Pages Posted: 28 Jan 2002

See all articles by Sebastian Galiani

Sebastian Galiani

University of Maryland - Department of Economics

Ernesto Schargrodsky

Universidad Torcuato Di Tella

Date Written: December 31, 2001

Abstract

The decentralization of education services from the federal government to the provincial governments was an important component of the major fiscal and structural reforms undertaken in Argentina in the early 1990's. The theoretical literature is not conclusive about the absolute superiority of either centralization or decentralization in the provision of public services. In this paper, we evaluate empirically the effect of the decentralization of secondary schools on education quality. Our results suggest that, on average, decentralization improved the performance of public school students in test scores. We also assess whether the effect of decentralization depends on province characteristics. We find that the higher the provincial fiscal deficits, the smaller the positive impact of decentralization.

Keywords: decentralization, evaluation, education quality

JEL Classification: H40, H52, H70, I20

Suggested Citation

Galiani, Sebastian and Schargrodsky, Ernesto, Evaluating the Impact of School Decentralization on Education Quality (December 31, 2001). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=297829 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.297829

Sebastian Galiani

University of Maryland - Department of Economics ( email )

College Park, MD 20742
United States

Ernesto Schargrodsky (Contact Author)

Universidad Torcuato Di Tella ( email )

Minones 2159
1428 Buenos Aires, 1428
Argentina
+54 11 4784 0080 (Phone)
+54 11 4783 3220 (Fax)

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