What Really Matters is the Economic Performance: Positioning Tourist Destinations by Means of Perceptual Maps

IREA Working Papers 2017/13. Research Institute of Applied Economics, University of Barelona

AQR Working Papers 2017/07. Regional Quantitative Analysis Research Group, University of Barelona

27 Pages Posted: 6 Jul 2017 Last revised: 3 Jun 2021

See all articles by Oscar Claveria

Oscar Claveria

University of Barcelona - Regional Quantitative Analysis Group (AQR-IREA)

Date Written: July 3, 2017

Abstract

The present study aims to cluster the world's main tourist destinations according to the growth of the economic performance of the tourist activity and of the tourist and economic development experienced during the last decade. With this objective, we combine the information from a set of tourist and economic indicators for the main 45 tourist destinations over the period between 2000 and 2010. Destinations are ranked with respect to their average growth rate over the sample period. By assigning a numerical value to each country corresponding to its position, all the information is summarised into two components (“economic performance of tourist activity” and “tourist and economic development”) via multivariate techniques for dimensionality reduction: multidimensional scaling (MDS) and categorical principal components analysis (CATPCA). By means of perceptual maps, we find that destinations can be clustered into four different groups. The first one, dominated by Western and Northern Europe markets, contains some of the top destinations (France, Spain and the United States). A second one, with a predominance of Mediterranean destinations (Cyprus, Greece, Italy and Israel), obtains high scores in both dimensions. In the third one, we find Cambodia and China, alongside Egypt and Turkey. Finally, a fourth group dominated by Eastern Europe destinations (Bulgaria, Croatia and Latvia) with low scores in both dimensions.

Keywords: positioning, tourist destinations, perceptual maps, multidimensional scaling (MDS), categorical principal components analysis (CATPCA)

JEL Classification: A12, C38, F43, M31, Z3, Z32

Suggested Citation

Claveria, Oscar, What Really Matters is the Economic Performance: Positioning Tourist Destinations by Means of Perceptual Maps (July 3, 2017). IREA Working Papers 2017/13. Research Institute of Applied Economics, University of Barelona, AQR Working Papers 2017/07. Regional Quantitative Analysis Research Group, University of Barelona, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2996610 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2996610

Oscar Claveria (Contact Author)

University of Barcelona - Regional Quantitative Analysis Group (AQR-IREA) ( email )

Av. Diagonal 690
Barcelona, Barcelona 08034
Spain

HOME PAGE: http://www.ub.edu/aqr/fitxa-persones_en.php?id=8

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