Economic Development and Female Labor Force Participation in Turkey: Time-Series Evidence and Cross-Section Estimates

METU/ERC Working Paper No. 02/3

61 Pages Posted: 6 Mar 2002

See all articles by Aysit Tansel

Aysit Tansel

Middle East Technical University (METU) - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Date Written: February 2002

Abstract

Recently, several researchers hypothesized that female labor force participation rate exhibits a U-shape during the process of economic development. This paper provides time series evidence on female labor force participation rates in Turkey and considers its cross-provincial determinants. Time series evidence shows that after a period of sharp decline the female labor force participation rates have exhibited a slowdown in the rate of decline recently. An upturn in this rate may be expected during the coming decades. In the cross-provincial determinants of female labor force participation the measure of development used is per capita Gross Provincial Product. A quadratic term in per capita Gross Provincial Product and other determinants are included in the models estimated. The models are estimated using data for 67 provinces for three time points - 1980, 1985 and 1990. The results affirm the U-shaped impact of economic development. Further, unemployment had a considerable discouraging effect on female labor force participation while the impact of education was strongly positive. The hidden unemployment computations indicate that urban female unemployment rate is underestimated and the discouraged-worker effect for women is substantial.

Keywords: Economic Development, Female Labor Force Participation, Turkey

JEL Classification: J16, J21, J22

Suggested Citation

Tansel, Aysit, Economic Development and Female Labor Force Participation in Turkey: Time-Series Evidence and Cross-Section Estimates (February 2002). METU/ERC Working Paper No. 02/3, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=301946 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.301946

Aysit Tansel (Contact Author)

Middle East Technical University (METU) - Department of Economics ( email )

Inonu Bulvari
Ankara 06800
Turkey
90 312 210 2073 (Phone)
90 312 210 7964 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Economic Research Forum (ERF) ( email )

21 Al-Sad Al-Aaly St.
(P.O. Box: 12311)
Dokki, Cairo
Egypt

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