Initial Public Offerings and the Local Economy
67 Pages Posted: 14 Sep 2017 Last revised: 18 Mar 2022
Date Written: March 14, 2022
We find that areas hosting large companies that go public experience muted growth in employment, establishments, and population, relative to areas where similar firms remain private. These effects initiate in the tradable sector and follow in the non-tradable sector, are more pronounced in densely populated areas, and are strongest near the IPO firm’s headquarters. Establishment-level analyses suggest that 24% to 37% of the effect derives directly from the firm itself with the remaining portion being due to spillover effects. Overall, our results indicate that macroeconomic gains from IPOs trade off against disruptions in local agglomeration economies where public firms originate.
Keywords: IPO, Economic Growth
JEL Classification: G32, J21, O47, R11
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation