International Financial Integration and Funding Risks: Bank-Level Evidence from Latin America
43 Pages Posted: 1 Dec 2017
Date Written: October 2017
Using a sample of over 700 banks in Latin America, we show that international financial liberalization lowers bank capital ratios and increases the shares of short-term funding. Following liberalization, large banks substitute interbank borrowing for equity and long-term funding, whereas small banks increase the proportions of retail funding in their liabilities, which have been particularly vulnerable to flight-to-quality during periods of financial distress in much of Latin America. We also find evidence that riskier bank funding in the aftermath of financial liberalizations is exacerbated by asymmetric information, which rises on geographical distance and the opacity of balance sheets.
Keywords: Bank Capital Structure, Financial Liberalization, International Capital Flows, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
JEL Classification: F32, F36, G21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation