Unemployment, Labour Force Composition and Sickness Absence: A Panel Data Study
27 Pages Posted: 1 May 2002
Date Written: April 2002
Sickness absence tends to be negatively correlated with unemployment. This may suggest disciplining effects of unemployment but may also reflect changes in the composition of the labor force. A panel of Norwegian register data for the years 1990-1995 is used to analyze sickness absences lasting more than two weeks. We estimate fixed effects models of the probability of absence and the number of days on sick leave conditional on absence. The county unemployment rate is found to affect the probability of absence negatively. When restricting the sample to workers who are present in the whole sample period, the negative relationship between absence and unemployment remains. The evidence on duration goes in the same direction. This indicates that the revealed procyclical variation in sickness absence is not driven by changes in the composition of the labor force.
Keywords: Sickness Absence, Unemployment, Panel Data
JEL Classification: H55, J22, J28, J32
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