Research Streams on Digital Transformation from a Holistic Business Perspective: A Systematic Literature Review and Citation Network Analysis

Journal of Business Economics, vol. 89, p. 931-963, 2019

33 Pages Posted: 11 May 2018 Last revised: 22 Nov 2019

See all articles by J. Hausberg

J. Hausberg

School of Business Administration and Economics, University of Osnabrueck

Kirsten Liere-Netheler

Universität Osnabrück - Faculty of Business and Economics

Sven Packmohr

Malmo University

Stefanie Pakura

University of Hamburg

Kristin Vogelsang

Universität Osnabrück - Faculty of Business and Economics

Date Written: November 08, 2019

Abstract

Digital transformation (DT) has become a buzzword, triggering different disciplines in research and influencing practice, which leads to independent research streams. Scholars investigate the antecedents, contingencies, and consequences of these disruptive technologies by examining the use of single technologies or of digitization, in general. Approaches are often very specialized and restricted to their domains. Thus, the immense breadth of technologies and their possible applications conditions a fragmentation of research, impeding a holistic view. With this systematic literature review, we aim to fill this gap in providing an overview of the different disciplines of DT research from a holistic business perspective. We identified the major research streams and clustered them with co-citation network analysis in nine main areas. Our research shows the main fields of interest in digital transformation research, overlaps of the research areas and fields that are still underrepresented. Within the business research areas, we identified three dominant areas in literature: finance, marketing, and innovation management. However, research streams also arise in terms of single branches like manufacturing or tourism. This study highlights these diverse research streams with the aim of deepening the understanding of digital transformation in research. Yet, research on DT still lacks in the areas of accounting, human resource management, and sustainability. The findings were distilled into a framework of the nine main areas for assisting the implications on potential research gaps on DT from a business perspective.

Keywords: citation-network analysis, digital transformation, gephi, systematic review

JEL Classification: M15, L00, O14

Suggested Citation

Hausberg, Johann Piet and Liere-Netheler, Kirsten and Packmohr, Sven and Pakura, Stefanie and Vogelsang, Kristin, Research Streams on Digital Transformation from a Holistic Business Perspective: A Systematic Literature Review and Citation Network Analysis (November 08, 2019). Journal of Business Economics, vol. 89, p. 931-963, 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3169203

Johann Piet Hausberg (Contact Author)

School of Business Administration and Economics, University of Osnabrueck ( email )

Rolandstr. 8
Osnabrück, 49074
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.wiwi.uni-osnabrueck.de/tim

Kirsten Liere-Netheler

Universität Osnabrück - Faculty of Business and Economics ( email )

Rolandstr. 8
Osnabrueck, D-49069
Germany

Sven Packmohr

Malmo University ( email )

Malmö
Sweden

Stefanie Pakura

University of Hamburg ( email )

Allende-Platz 1
Hamburg, 20146
Germany

Kristin Vogelsang

Universität Osnabrück - Faculty of Business and Economics ( email )

Rolandstr. 8
Osnabrueck, D-49069
Germany

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