Regional Economic Development in Europe, 1900-2010: A Description of the Patterns

49 Pages Posted: 24 May 2018

See all articles by Joan Ramón Rosés

Joan Ramón Rosés

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)

Nikolaus Wolf

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Humboldt University Berlin - Department of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); London School of Economics - Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)

Date Written: March 21, 2018

Abstract

We provide the first long-run dataset of regional employment structures and regional GDP and GDP per capita in 1990 international dollars, stretching over more than 100 years. These data allow us to compare regions over time, among each other, and to other parts of the world. After some brief notes on methodology we describe the basic patterns in the data in terms of some key dimensions: variation in the density of population and economic activity, the spread of industry and services and the declining role of agriculture, and changes in the levels of GDP and GDP per capita. We next discuss patterns of convergence and divergence over time and their explanations in terms of short-run adjustment and long-run fundamentals. Also, we document for the first time a secular decrease in spatial coherence from 1900 to 2010. We find a U-shaped development in geographic concentration and regional income inequality, similar to the finding of a U-shaped pattern of personal income inequality.

Keywords: regional inequality, Europe, long-run

JEL Classification: D310, N100, N900, R100

Suggested Citation

Rosés, Joan Ramón and Wolf, Nikolaus and Wolf, Nikolaus, Regional Economic Development in Europe, 1900-2010: A Description of the Patterns (March 21, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3180497 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3180497

Joan Ramón Rosés

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

Nikolaus Wolf (Contact Author)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

Humboldt University Berlin - Department of Economics ( email )

Spandauer Strasse 1
Berlin
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.wiwi.hu-berlin.de/professuren/vwl/wg/

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

London School of Economics - Centre for Economic Performance (CEP) ( email )

Houghton Street
London WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom
+4420-7852-3512 (Phone)

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