The Role of Disclosure in Closing Going Private Deals.
55 Pages Posted: 1 Aug 2018 Last revised: 4 Mar 2022
Date Written: March 1, 2022
Going private transactions involve a perceived conflict of interest that occurs when
(i) management and other insiders transfer ownership and control away from minority shareholders
to affiliated parties, and (ii) the company terminates its public status. These deals are subject to
special SEC rules that mandate management to provide detailed disclosure to all shareholders
before a general vote. We examine whether disclosure mitigates or exacerbates frictions between
minority shareholders and the acquiring parties. We find that the volume of disclosure is positively
associated with the likelihood of closing a deal. However, the volume of disclosure is also
positively associated with the intensity of shareholders’ negotiations (i.e., higher likelihood of
upward price revisions and shareholder litigation). Our findings suggest that disclosure plays an
incremental role in completing going private transactions and shed light on the trade-offs that
managers and other insiders face when determining the extent of disclosure in SEC filings.
Keywords: disclosure; going private; acquisitions; litigation; SEC filings.
JEL Classification: M41, M48, G34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation