The Relationship Between Income Inequality and Authoritarianism

21 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2018

Date Written: October 27, 2018

Abstract

Several investigations have identified the relationship between income inequality and authoritarianism through different methodologies. However, this relationship has not been studied in detail over time. In this study, I investigate the relationship between income inequality and authoritarianism, including its subcomponents over time. The Gini and Democracy Indices are negatively correlated and this correlation decreases from 2006/7 and 2014/15 (-0.27 to -0.18 respectively). Among the subcomponents of the Democracy Index, the strongest correlations with the Gini Index were between the Political Participation Score (-0.35 to -0.45) and the Political Culture Score (-0.49 to -0.33), while Pluralism has almost no correlation (-0.09 to -0.02) with the Gini Index. The other subcomponents of the Democracy Index have a modest correlation with the Gini Index. These findings suggest that the relationship between income inequality and authoritarianism is driven by Political Participation and Political Culture.

Keywords: Gini Authoritarianism Index, Democracy, Economist, Income Inequality

JEL Classification: A13, E64

Suggested Citation

Bruce, Sinan, The Relationship Between Income Inequality and Authoritarianism (October 27, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3273660 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3273660

Sinan Bruce (Contact Author)

Lexington High School ( email )

251 Waltham Street
Lexington, MA 02421
United States

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