Local Industrial Shocks and Infant Mortality
Benshaul‐Tolonen, A. (2018), Local Industrial Shocks and Infant Mortality. Econ J. DOI/10.1111/ecoj.12625
Posted: 9 Dec 2018
Date Written: May 16, 2018
Local industrial development has the potential to improve health and well-being, while also damaging health through exposure to harmful pollution. It is an empirical question which of these effects dominate. Exploiting the quasi-experimental expansion of African large-scale gold mining, I find that local infant mortality rates decrease by more than 50% alongside rapid economic growth. The instantaneous reduction is comparable to overall gains in infant survival rates in the study countries from 1970 to today. The results are robust to migration. Local industrial development — despite risk of pollution — may be an effective tool to reduce infant mortality in developing countries.
Keywords: Infant Mortality, Industrial Development, Mining, Economic Growth
JEL Classification: J13, O12, O13, O14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation