Timed to Say Goodbye: Does Unemployment Benefit Eligibility Affect Worker Layoffs?
58 Pages Posted: 4 Mar 2019
Date Written: March 4, 2019
We study how unemployment benefit eligibility affects the layoff exit rate by exploiting quasiexperimental variation in eligibility rules in Italy. By using a difference-indifferences estimator, we find an instantaneous increase of about 12% in the layoff probability when unemployment benefit eligibility is attained, which persists for about 16 weeks. These findings are robust to different identifying assumptions and are mostly driven by jobs started after the onset of the Great Recession, in the South and for small firms. We argue that the moral hazard from the employer’s side is the main force driving these layoffs.
Keywords: unemployment insurance, layoffs, employer–employee moral hazard, differencein-differences, heterogeneous effects
JEL Classification: C31, C41, J21, J63, J65
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