A Study of Exclusionary Coalitions: The Canadian Sugar Combination, 1887–1889

Antitrust Law Journal, Forthcoming

NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 19-18

28 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2019 Last revised: 10 Oct 2020

See all articles by John Asker

John Asker

UCLA

C. Scott Hemphill

New York University School of Law

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: May 8, 2019

Abstract

In this article we examine exclusionary coalitions: groups of suppliers and customers that work collectively to keep out rivals and share in the resulting benefits. We offer a typology of horizontal and vertical coalitions, which we connect to economic theories about how exclusion is accomplished. Our exploration of these theories is embedded within an extended study of the Canadian sugar industry in the 1880s, which was controlled by an exclusionary coalition of refiners and wholesalers. Drawing upon this historical example, we assess several doctrinal approaches to establishing antitrust liability for anticompetitive exclusionary coalitions.

Keywords: antitrust, exclusive dealing, parallel exclusion, sugar, vertical contracting

JEL Classification: K21, L40, L42, L41, D43, N81

Suggested Citation

Asker, John William and Hemphill, C. Scott, A Study of Exclusionary Coalitions: The Canadian Sugar Combination, 1887–1889 (May 8, 2019). Antitrust Law Journal, Forthcoming, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 19-18, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3385756

John William Asker

UCLA ( email )

8283 Bunche Hall
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1477
United States

C. Scott Hemphill (Contact Author)

New York University School of Law ( email )

40 Washington Square South
New York, NY 10012-1099
United States

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