Geographic Determinants of Infant Health: The Impact of Sports Facility Construction Projects
40 Pages Posted: 21 Oct 2019
Date Written: October 10, 2019
A large body of research examines determinants of infant health outcomes but little examines geographic variation generated by exogenous economic shocks. Linking birth data from the CDC Natality files to counties building new facilities from 1995-2002, we find that sports facility construction projects generate local negative externalities. Infants born during facility construction periods have lower birth weights than infants born in comparable counties where no new facility opened. Maternal prenatal health visits also fall in the post-facility-opening period. Mechanisms for this impact include local airborne particulate matter and reduced provision of government services affecting prenatal health.
Keywords: birth weight, sports subsidy, opportunity cost, airborne particulate matter, exact matching estimation
JEL Classification: I18, L83, Z28
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation