Geographic Determinants of Infant Health: The Impact of Sports Facility Construction Projects

40 Pages Posted: 21 Oct 2019

See all articles by Brad R. Humphreys

Brad R. Humphreys

West Virginia University - Department of Economics

Jane E. Ruseski

West Virginia University

Date Written: October 10, 2019

Abstract

A large body of research examines determinants of infant health outcomes but little examines geographic variation generated by exogenous economic shocks. Linking birth data from the CDC Natality files to counties building new facilities from 1995-2002, we find that sports facility construction projects generate local negative externalities. Infants born during facility construction periods have lower birth weights than infants born in comparable counties where no new facility opened. Maternal prenatal health visits also fall in the post-facility-opening period. Mechanisms for this impact include local airborne particulate matter and reduced provision of government services affecting prenatal health.

Keywords: birth weight, sports subsidy, opportunity cost, airborne particulate matter, exact matching estimation

JEL Classification: I18, L83, Z28

Suggested Citation

Humphreys, Brad R. and Ruseski, Jane E., Geographic Determinants of Infant Health: The Impact of Sports Facility Construction Projects (October 10, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3467702 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3467702

Brad R. Humphreys (Contact Author)

West Virginia University - Department of Economics ( email )

Morgantown, WV 26506
United States

Jane E. Ruseski

West Virginia University ( email )

PO Box 6025
Morgantown, WV 26506
United States

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