China and the World Bank - How Contrasting Development Approaches Affect the Stability of African States

121 Pages Posted: 14 Oct 2019

See all articles by Kai Gehring

Kai Gehring

Heidelberg University; University of Zurich - Chair of Political Economy; CESifo

Lennart C. Kaplan

University of Goettingen (Göttingen)

Melvin H.L. Wong

Leibniz Universität Hannover - Faculty of Economics and Management

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: 2019

Abstract

China's development model challenges the approaches of traditional Western donors like the World Bank. We argue that both aim at stability, but differ in the norms propagated to achieve that. Using fixed effects and IV estimations, we analyze a broad range of subnational stability measures in Africa. Aid by both the WB and China does not increase outright conflict nor any type of citizen protest, on average. Both even reduce outright conflict by governments against civilians. Still, Chinese aid is associated with more government repression and an increased acceptance of authoritarian norms, while WB projects strengthen democratic values.

Keywords: development models, development aid, stability, conflict, repression, World Bank, China, Africa, geolocation

JEL Classification: H770, N900

Suggested Citation

Gehring, Kai and Gehring, Kai and Kaplan, Lennart C. and Wong, Melvin H.L., China and the World Bank - How Contrasting Development Approaches Affect the Stability of African States (2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3467991 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3467991

Kai Gehring (Contact Author)

Heidelberg University ( email )

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University of Zurich - Chair of Political Economy ( email )

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CESifo ( email )

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Lennart C. Kaplan

University of Goettingen (Göttingen) ( email )

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Gottingen, D-37073
Germany

Melvin H.L. Wong

Leibniz Universität Hannover - Faculty of Economics and Management ( email )

Koenigsworther Platz 1
Hannover, 30167
Germany

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