Status of Human Development in India

37 Pages Posted: 24 Mar 2020

See all articles by Kumar Sourav

Kumar Sourav

National University of Study and Research in Law (NUSRL), Students

Date Written: November 14, 2019


The Human Development Index (HDI) measures achievements in three aspects of human development: health, education and living standards. Human Development Report (HDR), measures a country's success in the following human development achievements for its citizens: a long and healthy life (using health data), access to (using education data) and a decent standard of living (using income per capita).The concept of human development emerged in the late 1980s based on the conceptual foundation provided by Dr. Amartya Sen and Dr. Mahbub ul Haq. The HD approach puts people at the centre of the development agenda, where economic growth and wealth are considered means to development, not an end by itself.The human development (HD) story of India is unique in its kind. Through the preparation of not only national, but also sub-national. Human Development Reports (HDR), India has decentralized and integrated the human development concept into its development agenda at national, State, as well as district and municipality level. More sub-national HDRs have been produced in India than in any other country. More HDRs have been produced in India than the total number of Global HDRs. A distinctive feature of the HDR preparation process is the fi rm State ownership, and multi -stakeholder partnerships. This has enabled policy dialogue on crucial HD issues.

Keywords: Human Development, Health, Education, Living Standard, Income, HDR

JEL Classification: I00, R28

Suggested Citation

Sourav, Kumar, Status of Human Development in India (November 14, 2019). Available at SSRN: or

Kumar Sourav (Contact Author)

National University of Study and Research in Law (NUSRL), Students ( email )


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