Effects of Passive Smoking on Prenatal and Infant Development: Lessons from the Past

25 Pages Posted: 25 Mar 2020

See all articles by Carlo Ciccarelli

Carlo Ciccarelli

University of Rome Tor Vergata - Faculty of Economics

Gianni De Fraja

University of Nottingham

Daniela Vuri

University of Rome Tor Vergata; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Date Written: March 2020

Abstract

This paper studies the effect of passive smoking on child development. We use data from a time when the adverse effects of smoking on health were not known, and when tobacco was not an inferior good. This allows us to disentangle the effect on foetuses and infants of smoking from that of other indicators of social and economic conditions. We exploit a set of unique longitudinal historical datasets defined at a detailed level of geographical disaggregation, namely the 69 Italian provinces. The datasets record precise information on the per capita consumption of tobacco products, the heights of twenty-year old conscripts in the second half of the 19th century Italy, and other relevant controls. We find a strong negative effect of smoking in the period before and after birth on the height at age 20. Results are robust to changes in specification and consistent across the height distribution.

Keywords: Infant Development, Nineteenth Century Italy, Passive Smoking, Stature

JEL Classification: I12, J13, N33

Suggested Citation

Ciccarelli, Carlo and De Fraja, Gianni and Vuri, Daniela, Effects of Passive Smoking on Prenatal and Infant Development: Lessons from the Past (March 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3560278

Carlo Ciccarelli (Contact Author)

University of Rome Tor Vergata - Faculty of Economics ( email )

Via Columbia n.2
Rome, rome 00100
Italy

Gianni De Fraja

University of Nottingham ( email )

University Park
Nottingham, NG8 1BB
United Kingdom

Daniela Vuri

University of Rome Tor Vergata ( email )

Via di Tor Vergata
Rome, Lazio 00133
Italy

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

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