Five Laws of Politics: Further Evidence from Gubernatorial and Provincial Elections
17 Pages Posted: 1 May 2020
Date Written: April 6, 2020
In two previous articles, I have identified five “laws” of politics governing national competitive electoral systems from around the world (Cuzán 2015, 2019). They describe invariant or nearly invariant patterns of incumbent support characteristic of democracies, whether parliamentary or presidential. In this paper, I show that the same patterns are observed at the sub-national level in Australia, Canada, and the United States.
Keywords: “Laws of Politics,” “Incumbent Support,” Reign, Terms, Winning Vote, Opposition Winning Vote
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