How Voluntary Information Sharing Systems Form: Evidence from a U.S. Commercial Credit Bureau
60 Pages Posted: 22 Apr 2020 Last revised: 19 Aug 2021
Date Written: August 18, 2021
We use the introduction of a U.S. commercial credit bureau to study when lenders adopt voluntary information sharing technology and the resulting consequences for competition and credit access. Our results suggest that lenders trade off access to new markets against heightened competition for their own borrowers. Lenders that initially do not adopt lose borrowers to competitors that do, which ultimately compels them to adopt and leads to the formation of an information sharing system. Access to credit improves but only for high-quality borrowers in markets with greater lender adoption. We provide the first direct evidence on when financial intermediaries adopt information sharing technologies and how sharing systems form and evolve.
Keywords: information sharing, access to credit, financial intermediation, fintech, SMEs
JEL Classification: G21, G23, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation