Dynastic Political Networks: Insights from the Case of Western Samar, Philippines

ASOG Working Paper 20-007

23 Pages Posted: 18 Aug 2020

See all articles by Ronald U. Mendoza

Ronald U. Mendoza

Ateneo De Manila University - Ateneo School of Government

Joshua Hiwatig

Asian Institute of Management

Miann Banaag

Ateneo de Manila University - Ateneo School of Government

Date Written: July 16, 2020

Abstract

Network analysis of familial links in politics provides a novel way of understanding strategies of alliance building and power consolidation among political dynasties. This paper demonstrates how network analysis can be applied to family-centric political networks in Western Samar, Philippines. It presents empirical evidence on how these networks emerged and evolved over time, as well as the possible roles played by specific actors (in this case politicians) in the network. It highlights the use of network representation to visualize how political figures elected during the period 1988-2016 are connected to each other; and how those connections and the political power of certain political clans evolve over time. We observe that murder and marriage could be among a set of strategies pursued by some Philippine political clans to consolidate power and perpetuate themselves in elected office. This study offers rich insights into the political networks built by dynastic clans in the Philippines, with possible applications of the methodology in other developing country democracies.

Keywords: political dynasty, poverty, network analysis, Western Samar, Philippines

JEL Classification: D70, I39, O53

Suggested Citation

Mendoza, Ronald U. and Hiwatig, Joshua and Banaag, Miann, Dynastic Political Networks: Insights from the Case of Western Samar, Philippines (July 16, 2020). ASOG Working Paper 20-007, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3652960 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3652960

Ronald U. Mendoza (Contact Author)

Ateneo De Manila University - Ateneo School of Government ( email )

Katipunan Road
Loyola Heights
Quezon City, 1108
Philippines

Joshua Hiwatig

Asian Institute of Management ( email )

123 Paseo de Roxas
Makati City, Metro Manila
Philippines

Miann Banaag

Ateneo de Manila University - Ateneo School of Government ( email )

Pacifico Ortiz Hall, Fr. Arrupe Road
Social Development Complex, Loyola Heights
Quezon City, Manila 1108
Philippines

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