Who Can Adapt to Air Pollution? Evidence from Professional Football Players in China
39 Pages Posted: 22 Sep 2020
Date Written: August 8, 2020
Air pollution has long been a major environmental problem, and the pollution-productivity relationship has attracted considerable research attention. In this paper, we study the impact of air pollution on Chinese professional football players' performance. Our primary research question is whether the negative effects of air pollution can be mitigated by adaptation, and which cohort can have higher adaptation capacity. We find that a higher pollution level during the game, relative to the adapted pollution level in players’ home city, has a negative and significant impact on the efforts and accuracy of football players. More importantly, the heterogeneous analysis suggests the air-pollution gap has a smaller effect on higher-ability players and on teams with more high-ability players. Moreover, the impact of non-adapted air pollution can be greatly offset by the home advantage. Our findings provide insights for policymakers on how to weaken the pollution-productivity relationship.
Keywords: Air pollution, Productivity, Adaptation, Football
JEL Classification: J24, Q51, Q53
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation