Internal Migration and Youth Entrepreneurship in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

25 Pages Posted: 7 Oct 2020

See all articles by Alain Kikandi Kiuma

Alain Kikandi Kiuma

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Abdelkrim Araar

Université Laval

Christian Kamala Kaghoma

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: August 2020

Abstract

This paper analyzes youth internal migration in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and its impact on entrepreneurship startup in a fresh post‐conflict context. Building on a national representative survey conducted in 2005, a recursive bivariate probit specification is used to jointly estimate the decision models of both migration and entrepreneurship. To evaluate the robustness of results, the propensity score matching method is used to test the concordance of the results after eliminating the redundant impact of unobserved factors. The two main conclusions are that youth migration increases the probability of being an entrepreneur, but in the informal sector. In addition, like secondary and post‐secondary education, the duration of stay after migrating is an important factor to being an entrepreneur in the formal sector. These conclusions are expected to enlighten policy‐makers as to the importance of promoting secondary and post‐secondary education as well as inclusive growth investments that may absorb more youth labor in formal sectors. This is the first exercise in the case of the DRC and since it focuses on youth, the paper makes a unique contribution to the literature related to the link between migration and entrepreneurship in a post‐war context.

Suggested Citation

Kiuma, Alain Kikandi and Araar, Abdelkrim and Kaghoma, Christian Kamala, Internal Migration and Youth Entrepreneurship in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (August 2020). Review of Development Economics, Vol. 24, Issue 3, pp. 790-814, 2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3706245 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/rode.12669

Alain Kikandi Kiuma (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Abdelkrim Araar

Université Laval ( email )

2214 Pavillon J-A. DeSeve
Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4
Canada

Christian Kamala Kaghoma

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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