Impact of COVID-19 on the Indian agricultural system: A 10-point strategy for post-pandemic recovery

Cariappa AA, Acharya KK, Adhav CA, Sendhil R, Ramasundaram P. Impact of COVID-19 on the Indian agricultural system: A 10-point strategy for post-pandemic recovery. Outlook on Agriculture. January 2021. doi:10.1177/0030727021989060

14 Pages Posted: 12 Oct 2020 Last revised: 20 May 2021

See all articles by A G Adeeth Cariappa

A G Adeeth Cariappa

ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute

Kamlesh Kumar Acharya

National Dairy Research Institute - Department of Dairy Economics, Statistics & Management

Chaitanya Ashok Adhav

ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute - Department of Dairy Economics, Statistics and Management

Sendhil R

ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

P. Ramasundaram

Indian Council of Agricultural Research

Date Written: October 10, 2020

Abstract

COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the Indian agricultural system extensively. Nevertheless, the recent quarterly GDP estimates post-COVID scenario showcase robustness and resilience in Indian agriculture, the only sector to register a positive growth of 3.4% during the financial year (FY here after) 2020-21 (Quarter 1: April 2020 to June 2020). At the same time, the immediate past quarter growth was estimated at 5.9% witnessing a decline by 2.5% point. In this context, we aim to synthesize the early evidence of the COVID-19 impact on the Indian agricultural system viz., production, marketing and consumption followed by a set of potential strategies to recover and prosper post-pandemic. Survey findings indicate that the pandemic has affected production and marketing through labour and logistical constraints, while the negative income shock restricted access to markets and increased prices of food commodities affecting the consumption pattern. The pandemic wreaked a substantial physical, social, economic and emotional havoc on all the stakeholders of Indian agricultural system. Seizing the crisis as an opportunity, the state announced a raft of measures and long-pending reforms. We propose a 10-point strategy ranging from social safety nets, family farming, monetizing buffer stock, staggered procurement to secondary agriculture to revive and prosper post-pandemic.

Keywords: COVID-19, agricultural system, food system, COVID impact, 10-point strategy

JEL Classification: E31, Q11, Q18, Q13

Suggested Citation

Cariappa, A G Adeeth and Acharya, Kamlesh Kumar and Adhav, Chaitanya Ashok and R, Sendhil and Ramasundaram, P., Impact of COVID-19 on the Indian agricultural system: A 10-point strategy for post-pandemic recovery (October 10, 2020). Cariappa AA, Acharya KK, Adhav CA, Sendhil R, Ramasundaram P. Impact of COVID-19 on the Indian agricultural system: A 10-point strategy for post-pandemic recovery. Outlook on Agriculture. January 2021. doi:10.1177/0030727021989060, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3708760 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3708760

A G Adeeth Cariappa (Contact Author)

ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute ( email )

Karnal, Haryana 132001
India
+919741000909 (Phone)

Kamlesh Kumar Acharya

National Dairy Research Institute - Department of Dairy Economics, Statistics & Management ( email )

Karnal (Haryana) 132 001
India
9437204130 (Phone)

Chaitanya Ashok Adhav

ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute - Department of Dairy Economics, Statistics and Management ( email )

Karnal (Haryana) 132 001
India

Sendhil R

ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research ( email )

PO Box 158, Agarsain Marg
Karnal, 132001
India
132001 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://https://iiwbr.icar.gov.in/team_member/dr-r-sendhil/

P. Ramasundaram

Indian Council of Agricultural Research ( email )

Krishi Anusandhan Bhavan II
Pusa
New Delhi 110012, Delhi 110012
India
9716134485 (Phone)
110012 (Fax)

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