Traditional Rulers Should be included in Nigeria’s Democratic Process
16 Pages Posted: 2 Dec 2020
Date Written: October 12, 2020
Nigeria recently celebrated the 60th anniversary of independence from the United Kingdom on 1 October. The institution of Traditional Rulers which predates the colonial project in Nigeria despite the importance of the institution in the governance particularly at the grassroots level has no formal role in Nigeria’s democratic process. This paper analysis the historical context of the role of monarchs and nobility as a key component of the participatory democracy despite its current non-inclusion in the current constitutional framework. In examining the status and position of the institution of monarchs with emphasis on South Western Nigeria but also other countries in Africa and Malaysia, the very essence of democracy connotes the integration of institutions in building a sustainable and cohesive democracy which the legitimacy of Nigeria’s Traditional Rulers provide. In a truly federal system of government, institutions of government should be local to the people they govern. This outlines the reasons why Nigeria should fully integrate its Traditional Rulers into the constitutional framework with a legislative mandate, competences and powers similar to that which they enjoyed in Nigeria’s First Republic (1963 to 1966) and to the Countries in Africa and Malaysia with similar roles.
Keywords: Chiefs, Colonialism, Constitution, Customary Law, Democracy, Federal, Government, Kings, Law, Legislature, Local Government, Monarchy, Participation, Politics, Traditional Rulers, Yoruba
JEL Classification: K10, K19, K33, N40, N47, N97
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation