Real Effects of Lending-Based Crowdfunding Platforms on the SMEs
37 Pages Posted: 23 Dec 2020
Date Written: August 21, 2020
This paper explores the short-term impact of borrowing via lending-based crowdfunding on performance and health of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in France. We find that firms borrowing from lending-based crowdfunding platforms are more dynamic (higher asset growth and higher profitability) and innovative, but they have lower leverage, less cash, higher funding costs and less tangible assets that could be pledged as a collateral. To account for this selection bias, we construct three control groups by using Propensity Score Matching, Mahalanobis Distance Matching and Coarsened Exact Matching methods and then run difference-in- difference regressions. We find that borrowing via lending-based crowdfunding platforms increases SMEs’ leverage and interest rate burden in the short-term, but these impacts disappear after two years. We observe asset growth during the year of borrowing, but no impact on sales growth, investment, employment or profitability.
Keywords: lending-based crowdfunding, firm financing, firm performance, informational asymmetry
JEL Classification: G21, G23, G31, G32
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