Effects of Venezuelan Migration on Colombian Price Level
37 Pages Posted: 10 Mar 2021
Date Written: March 5, 2021
This study evaluates the causal impact of the Venezuelan migration on the price level of goods and services in Colombian host cities. The inflow of migrants to a city have a demand shock through an increase in consumption levels, and a supply shock through a decrease in the production costs. I use an Enclave instrumental variable strategy, which exploits the tendency of migrants to settle in places with previous migrant networks. I find that the Venezuelan migration increases averages prices in the non-tradable sector and has no effect on the price of food, tradable goods, transport and energy sectors. I provide evidence that this result may be related to the effect migration has on the price of education and housing. My estimates suggests that a 1 percentage point increase in the migration rate is associated with an 0.913% average increase in the price of the nontradables. This result is consistent with a demand side shock.
Keywords: Migration, Prices, Enclave, IV
JEL Classification: F22, J15, J23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation