Neo-nationalist Economic Sovereigntism: European Radical Right Economic Ideology revisited
18 Pages Posted: 11 Mar 2021
Date Written: March 10, 2021
Over the last decade, a new political movement, typically denominated in the literature and media as alt-right has emerged and played a large role in European politics. Millions of people have voted for these political forces and hundreds of thousands have attended their rallies in the main European squares. The specialized literature on European Radical Right (ERR) and Populist Radical Right (PRR) has already deeply analysed their positions on cultural and social issues, analysing them from both, supply and demand perspectives. However, even though economic demands leading to vote for ERR parties have been profoundly studied and analysed, ERR parties’ positions on economic policy matters, and, more broadly, their economic ideology have been barely studied. This is one of the reasons why there is so much confusion regarding this matter on the public discourse. In this paper, I will analyse contemporary Western ERR parties’ economic positions, following a quantitative and descriptive analysis. For this purpose, I will use data obtained from the Manifesto Project Database, which covers parties’ stances on various political matters from 1970 up to 2015. This will be very useful when analysing not just these parties’ actual positions, but also to see the evolution and variation of their ideological economic supply. All this, as we will see, will lead us to the necessity to adopt a new term applicable to almost all contemporary ERR parties’ economic ideology a: Neo- nationalist Economic Sovereigntism.
Keywords: Radical right, Populism, Nationalism, Immigration, Euroscepticism, Economic sovereignty
JEL Classification: P16, P48, P49, Z18
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