Dollar Liquidity, Trade Invoicing, and Real Effects: Evidence from India
45 Pages Posted: 18 Mar 2021 Last revised: 20 Mar 2021
Date Written: March 17, 2021
We provide causal evidence on the linkage between dollar liquidity and dollar invoicing exploiting an unanticipated shock to the dollar financing around the Taper Tantrum. Using the differential funding shock across countries, we test the impact of dollar liquidity on invoicing and imports by Indian firms using transaction-level data. We find that (i) firm-level dollar invoicing drops in response to dollar funding shock with corresponding rise in Euro and producer currency pricing, (ii) local presence of foreign banks allows Indian firms to smooth-out the liquidity shock, and (iii) firms transfer liquidity from one market to another using their internal capital markets to smooth-out country specific funding shocks. We document that firms unable to maintain the level of dollar invoicing are more likely to lose a trade connection.
Keywords: Dollar Invoicing, Taper Tantrum, Dollar Liquidity Shock
JEL Classification: F32, F40, G15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation