Does Computer-Aided Instruction Improve Children’s Cognitive and Noncognitive Skills?

Asian Development Review 38:1

21 Pages Posted: 27 Apr 2021

See all articles by Hirotake Ito

Hirotake Ito

Keio University - Graduate School of Media and Governance

Keiko Kasai

School of International Development, University of East Anglia

Hiromu Nishiuchi

Yokohama City University - Graduate School of International Management

Makiko Nakamuro

Keio University

Date Written: March 25, 2021

Abstract

This paper examines the causal effects of computer-aided instruction (CAI) on children’s cognitive and noncognitive skills. We ran a clustered randomized controlled trial at five elementary schools with more than 1,600 students near Phnom Penh, Cambodia. After 3 months of intervention, we find that the average treatment effects on cognitive skills are positive and statistically significant, while hours of study were unchanged both at home and in the classroom. This indicates that CAI is successful in improving students’ learning productivity per hour. Furthermore, we find that CAI raises students’ subjective expectation to attend college in the future.

Keywords: clustered randomized controlled trial, computer-assisted instruction, noncognitive skills

JEL Classification: I21, I25, I30

Suggested Citation

Ito, Hirotake and Kasai, Keiko and Nishiuchi, Hiromu and Nakamuro, Makiko, Does Computer-Aided Instruction Improve Children’s Cognitive and Noncognitive Skills? (March 25, 2021). Asian Development Review 38:1, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3834470

Hirotake Ito (Contact Author)

Keio University - Graduate School of Media and Governance ( email )

5322 Endo
Fujisawa-shi, Kanagawa 252-0882
Japan

Keiko Kasai

School of International Development, University of East Anglia ( email )

Hiromu Nishiuchi

Yokohama City University - Graduate School of International Management ( email )

22-2, Seto,
Kanazawa
Yokohama, Kanagawa 2360027
Japan

Makiko Nakamuro

Keio University

2-15-45 Mita
Minato-ku
Tokyo, 108-8345
Japan

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