Poverty and Sustainability Implications of Groundwater Based Irrigation: Insights from Indian Experience

Suresh, A., Raju, S.S., 2014. Poverty and sustainability implications of groundwater based irrigation: insights from Indian experience. Econmic Affairs 59(2): 311-320.

Posted: 25 Jun 2021

Date Written: May 18, 2014

Abstract

Groundwater has become the main source of irrigation occupying more than 60 % of total irrigated area in India. While the fast development of groundwater based irrigation has helped to improve the livelihood security of rural population and reduce the poverty; it was at the cost of high level of energy intensification and negative externalities. In this backdrop, this paper estimates empirically the implication of groundwater based irrigation in India on rural poverty and groundwater sustainability. The results establish that a higher share of groundwater based irrigation in total irrigation strengthen the poverty reduction effects of irrigation. However, escaping poverty through unrestricted access to groundwater is not sustainable. Since the property rights on land accords unrestricted access to groundwater, location specific regulations need to be devised for sustainable management of groundwater. Along with this, incentivizing rainfed agriculture through price policies and market opportunities; and promotion of watershed based agricultural planning are critical for sustainable agricultural development.

Suggested Citation

Suresh, A., Poverty and Sustainability Implications of Groundwater Based Irrigation: Insights from Indian Experience (May 18, 2014). Suresh, A., Raju, S.S., 2014. Poverty and sustainability implications of groundwater based irrigation: insights from Indian experience. Econmic Affairs 59(2): 311-320., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3867973

A. Suresh (Contact Author)

ICAR ( email )

Central Institute of Fisheries Technology
Willingdon Island Cochin
Cochin, Kerala 682029
India

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