FRAND Licensing Commitments – Back to First Principles

World Patent Information 2021

18 Pages Posted: 8 Jul 2021

See all articles by Maurits Dolmans

Maurits Dolmans

Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP

Date Written: May 23, 2021


The UK Supreme Court’s judgment in Unwired Planet v Huawei addressed several issues relating to promises to license SEPs on FRAND terms under the ETSI IPR Policy – an English court’s jurisdiction to set worldwide terms for a FRAND license; English courts as a convenient forum; the scope of the non-discrimination obligation; the negotiation process to be followed to be seen as a “willing” licensee or licensor; and the proportionality of a FRAND injunction. The UKSC prefaces its findings on the five issues in dispute with an overview of the goals of the ETSI’s IPR Policy and the realities and commercial practice of SEP licensing. This paper critically reviews that overview and the conclusions drawn from that, in the light of first principles derived from competition law (especially essential facility principles) that underpin the ETSI IPR Policy and should govern interpretation under contract law, and which the UKSC should have analysed. In this light, it discusses the issuance of injunctions, the definition of willing licensor and licensee (including licensing level), the need for an effective proportionality assessment as a fallback, damage awards or rate setting as an alternative to injunctions, the setting of worldwide rates by national courts, and the FR and ND components of FRAND.

Keywords: competition law, antitrust, standards, SEPs, FRAND, Standard Essential Patents

JEL Classification: K21

Suggested Citation

Dolmans, Maurits, FRAND Licensing Commitments – Back to First Principles (May 23, 2021). World Patent Information 2021, Available at SSRN:

Maurits Dolmans (Contact Author)

Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP ( email )

2 London Wall Place
London, London EC2Y 5AU
United Kingdom
02076142343 (Phone)

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics