Determinants of Contract Farming in Barley Production – Regression Tree Approach

Sendhil R, Singh R, Kumar A, Chand R, Pandey JK, Singh R, Singh R, Kharub AS and Verma RPS. (2021). Determinants of contract farming in barley production – Regression tree approach. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 93(3): 402-407

6 Pages Posted: 15 Jul 2021

See all articles by Sendhil R

Sendhil R

Pondicherry University (A Central University)

Randhir Singh

ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

Anuj Kumar

ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

Ramesh Chand

ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

JK Pandey

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) - ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

Rajendra Singh

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) - ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

Ravindran Singh

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) - ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

AS Kharub

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) - ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

RPS Verma

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) - ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

Date Written: June 15, 2020

Abstract

Barley, a nutri-rich cereal is gaining momentum among stakeholders owing to multiple health benefits but the concern is its declining area, possibly attributed to lack of market and competitive pricing strategy. Amongst alternatives, contract farming is widely suggested for better price realisation and assured market. In the context, the present study was carried out during 2013–15 in four major barley growing states in India, viz. Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh for identifying the determinants of contract farming from a sample of 400 randomly selected farmers using regression tree approach. Findings indicated that the average yield of farmers enrolled in contract farming was 4791 kg/ha (n=90) against non-contractors with an estimated yield of 3549 kg/ha (n=310), implying a yield advantage of 35%. The practice of enrollment into contracts was popular in Rajasthan as corroborated by regression tree. The analysis also indicated that farm size, seed replacement behaviour, source of seed and area under barley were turned as deciding factors in contract enrollment. Overall, the study indicated that region plays a prominent role in enrollment into contracts despite multiple benefits availed. The study advocates barley growers to take advantage of contract farming, especially small-holders to enroll into contracts for mitigating price risk apart from self-empowerment in barley production.

Keywords: Barley, Contract Farming, CART, Regression Tree, Adoption, Malt Barley, Brewing Industries

JEL Classification: D86, K12, L24, Q10

Suggested Citation

R, Sendhil and Singh, Randhir and Kumar, Anuj and Chand, Ramesh and Pandey, JK and Singh, Rajendra and Singh, Ravindran and Kharub, AS and Verma, RPS, Determinants of Contract Farming in Barley Production – Regression Tree Approach (June 15, 2020). Sendhil R, Singh R, Kumar A, Chand R, Pandey JK, Singh R, Singh R, Kharub AS and Verma RPS. (2021). Determinants of contract farming in barley production – Regression tree approach. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 93(3): 402-407, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3885569

Sendhil R (Contact Author)

Pondicherry University (A Central University) ( email )

Randhir Singh

ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

PO Box 158, Agarsain Marg
Karnal, 132001
India

Anuj Kumar

ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

PO Box 158, Agarsain Marg
Karnal, 132001
India

Ramesh Chand

ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

PO Box 158, Agarsain Marg
Karnal, 132001
India

JK Pandey

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) - ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

PO Box 158, Agarsain Marg
Karnal, 132001
India

Rajendra Singh

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) - ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

PO Box 158, Agarsain Marg
Karnal, 132001
India

Ravindran Singh

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) - ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

PO Box 158, Agarsain Marg
Karnal, 132001
India

AS Kharub

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) - ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

PO Box 158, Agarsain Marg
Karnal, 132001
India

RPS Verma

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) - ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

PO Box 158, Agarsain Marg
Karnal, 132001
India

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