Extraterritorial Application of the GDPR: Promoting European Values or Power?

Internet Policy Review 2021, Volume 10 Issue 3, DOI: 10.14763/2021.3.1576

30 Pages Posted: 10 Dec 2021

See all articles by Oskar Josef Gstrein

Oskar Josef Gstrein

University of Groningen - Campus Fryslân; Europa-Institut, Saarland University

Andrej Zwitter

Campus Fryslân

Date Written: September 30, 2021

Abstract

This article examines whether the territorial scope of the EU General Data Protection Regulation promotes European values. While the regulation received international attention, it remains questionable whether provisions with extraterritorial effect support a power-based approach or a value-driven strategy. Developments around the enforceability of a ‘right to be forgotten’, or the difficulties in regulating transatlantic data flows, raise doubts as to whether unilateral standard setting does justice to the plurality and complexity of the digital sphere. We conclude that extraterritorial application of EU data protection law currently adopts a power-based approach which does not promote European values sustainably. Rather, it evokes wrong expectations about the universality of individual rights.

Keywords: European values, GDPR, data protection, Privacy, Extraterritoriality

Suggested Citation

Gstrein, Oskar Josef and Zwitter, Andrej, Extraterritorial Application of the GDPR: Promoting European Values or Power? (September 30, 2021). Internet Policy Review 2021, Volume 10 Issue 3, DOI: 10.14763/2021.3.1576 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3940596

Oskar Josef Gstrein (Contact Author)

University of Groningen - Campus Fryslân ( email )

P.O. Box 800
9700 AH Groningen, Groningen 9700 AV
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.rug.nl/staff/o.j.gstrein/

Europa-Institut, Saarland University ( email )

Campus, Gebäude B2.1
Saarbrücken, 66123
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://europainstitut.de

Andrej Zwitter

Campus Fryslân ( email )

P.O. Box 800
9700 AH Groningen, Groningen 9700 AV
Netherlands

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