Urban Zoning for Sustainable Tourism: A Continuum of Accommodation to Enhance City Resilience

Sustainability, 13(13), 7317. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137317

The University of Auckland Business School Research Paper Series

Posted: 30 Nov 2021

See all articles by Edward Chung Yim Yiu

Edward Chung Yim Yiu

University of Auckland Business School

William Ka Shing Cheung

University of Auckland Business School

Date Written: 2021

Abstract

While governments around the world are embarking on the path to recovery from the COVID-19 crisis, sustainable tourism planning is crucial, in particular in the hospitality sector, which enhances the resilience of destinations. However, many destination management models overlook the role of urban zoning. Little is known about the impacts of land-use zoning on the hospitality and property industries, especially with the current disruption of short-term peer-to-peer accommodation like Airbnb. Euclidean zoning, also known as effects-based planning, has long been criticised in destination management for its exclusionary nature and lack of flexibility. With exclusionary zoning, property owners may only be able to use their land sub-optimally, and cities will be less efficient in responding to market changes in short-term and long-term accommodation demands, but planning intentions can be better controlled, and the property supply can be more stable. Taking Hong Kong as a noteworthy case, this study puts forward a conceptual framework that enables comparison of a novel zoning approach with the traditional zoning approach. This novel zoning approach encompasses both the short- and long-term rental sectors as a continuum of accommodation, ranging from hotels and serviced apartments to Airbnb and rental housing units under a unified regulatory and planning regime to enhance the switching options value. This novel zoning system can gear up the tourism sector with the rapid growth of the sharing economy and aligns with sustainable tourism to ensure long-term socioeconomic benefits to related stakeholders. We extract the data of Airbnb listings to construct the first Airbnb ADR Index (ADRI) by Repeat-sales method, and the results support our Switching Option Hypothesis. Full paper available at https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137317

Keywords: sustainable destination management, city resilience, exclusionary zoning, accommodation continuum, sharing economy

Suggested Citation

Yiu, Edward Chung Yim and Cheung, William Ka Shing, Urban Zoning for Sustainable Tourism: A Continuum of Accommodation to Enhance City Resilience (2021). Sustainability, 13(13), 7317. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137317, The University of Auckland Business School Research Paper Series, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3973184

Edward Chung Yim Yiu (Contact Author)

University of Auckland Business School ( email )

12 Grafton Rd
Private Bag 92019
Auckland, 1010
New Zealand

HOME PAGE: http://https://unidirectory.auckland.ac.nz/people/profile/edward-yiu

William Ka Shing Cheung

University of Auckland Business School ( email )

12 Grafton Rd
Private Bag 92019
Auckland, 1010
New Zealand

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