The Epidemic Effect: Global Governance Institutions Mitigate the Effects of Epidemics

59 Pages Posted: 9 Dec 2021

See all articles by Belinda Archibong

Belinda Archibong

Columbia University - Barnard College

Francis Annan

Georgia State University

Uche Eseosa Ekhator-Mobayode

World Bank

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Abstract

Epidemics can negatively affect economic development except mitigated by global governance institutions. We examine the effects of sudden exposure to epidemic disease on human capital outcomes using evidence from the African meningitis belt. Meningitis shocks reduce child health outcomes in periods when the World Health Organization (WHO) does not declare an epidemic year. These effects are reversed when the WHO declares an epidemic. Children born in meningitis shock areas during a year declared an epidemic year are 10 percentage points (pp) less stunted  and 8.2 pp less underweight than their peers born in non-epidemic years. We analyze data from World Bank projects and find evidence that the influx of disaster aid in response to WHO declarations may partly explain this reversal.

Note:
Funding Information: This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Declaration of Interests: None.

Keywords: Epidemic, Disease, Aid, WHO, World Bank, Africa

Suggested Citation

Archibong, Belinda and Annan, Francis and Ekhator-Mobayode, Uche Eseosa, The Epidemic Effect: Global Governance Institutions Mitigate the Effects of Epidemics. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3977807 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3977807

Belinda Archibong (Contact Author)

Columbia University - Barnard College ( email )

3009 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
United States

Francis Annan

Georgia State University ( email )

35 Broad St NW
Atlanta, GA 30309
United States

Uche Eseosa Ekhator-Mobayode

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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