Gender Wage Differentials in Brazil: Trends Over a Turbulent Era

25 Pages Posted: 17 Nov 2003

See all articles by Francisco Carneiro

Francisco Carneiro

The World Bank

Andrew Henley

Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

G. Reza Arabsheibani

Swansea University - School of Business and Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: September 2003

Abstract

Since the late 1980s, macroeconomic and trade reform in Brazil appears to have been accompanied by a substantial improvement in the position of women compared with men in the labor market, despite only modest changes to labor market institutions. Arabsheibani, Carneiro, and Henley examine movements in the gender wage gap from 1988 to 1998. Their findings indicate that, over this period, the gender wage gap fell mainly because of reduced discrimination against women. But the authors find evidence to suggest that, more recently, since the elimination of high inflation, human capital investments and other earnings-related enhancements have begun to improve women's condition.

This paper is a product of Poverty Reduction and Economic Management 4, Africa Technical Families.

Suggested Citation

Carneiro, Francisco Galrao and Henley, Andrew and Arabsheibani, G. Reza, Gender Wage Differentials in Brazil: Trends Over a Turbulent Era (September 2003). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=454180

Francisco Galrao Carneiro (Contact Author)

The World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Andrew Henley

Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University ( email )

Aberconway Building
Colum Drive
Cardiff, CF10 3EU
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

G. Reza Arabsheibani

Swansea University - School of Business and Economics ( email )

Singleton Park
Swansea, Wales SA2 8PP SA2 8PP
United Kingdom
+44 (0) 1792 513682 (Phone)
+44 (0) 1792 295872 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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