Developing Women: Why Technology Can Help

30 Pages Posted: 17 Jun 2004

See all articles by Ashima Goyal

Ashima Goyal

Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research (IGIDR)

Date Written: April 28, 2006


The paper investigates why the Internet and communication technology (ICT) has the potential to increase the equity and efficiency of female participation in the labour force. Rigidities in female labour allocation can explain observed male-female earnings differentials. Although the static outcome is efficient, female earnings are below male earnings. The loss of potential learning-by-doing in the private good production leads to dynamic inefficiencies, which are reinforced by power relations, bargaining, perceptions and self-perceived limitations. ICT can reverse some of these effects and lower matching costs. Since perceptions take time to change, policy intervention is required.

Keywords: ICT, gender, learning-by-doing, matching

JEL Classification: J16, O12, O33

Suggested Citation

Goyal, Ashima, Developing Women: Why Technology Can Help (April 28, 2006). Available at SSRN: or

Ashima Goyal (Contact Author)

Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research (IGIDR) ( email )

Gen A.K. Vaidya Marg Santoshnagar
Goregaon (East)
Bombay 400065, Maharashtra
+91 22 28400920 (Phone)
+91 22 28402752 (Fax)


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