Non-Parametric Approaches to Education and Health Efficiency in OECD Countries
Posted: 30 Nov 2005
We address the efficiency in education and health sectors for a sample of OECD countries by applying two alternative non-parametric methodologies: FDH and DEA. Those are two areas where public expenditure is of great importance so that findings have strong implications in what concerns public sector efficiency. When estimating the efficiency frontier we focus on measures of quantity inputs. We believe this approach to be advantageous since a country may well be efficient from a technical point of view but appear as inefficient if the inputs it uses are expensive. Efficient outcomes across sectors and analytical methods seem to cluster around a small number of core countries, even if for different reasons: Japan, Korea and Sweden.
Keywords: education, health, expenditure efficiency, production possibility frontier, FDH, DEA
JEL Classification: C14, H51, H52, I18, I21, I28
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