Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa

36 Pages Posted: 1 Feb 2006

See all articles by Gary Moser

Gary Moser

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Toshi Ichida

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: August 2001

Abstract

This study confirms a strong and robust relationship between economic growth and poverty reduction in sub-Saharan Africa. Employing a panel of 46 countries covering the period 1972-97, the analysis finds that a 10 percent increase in per capita GDP leads to a 1 percent increase in life expectancy, a 3-4 percent decline in infant mortality rates, and a 3½-4 percent increase in the rate of gross primary school enrollment. The results are robust for high- and low-income, as well as fast- and slow-growth, countries. The study also finds that quality of growth, civil conflict, HIV/AIDs, civil and institutional freedom, and island economies are important control variables that help explain the variability of poverty across Africa. A country`s latitude is not found to be a significant factor explaining life expectancy or infant mortality rates, though it is a significant factor explaining gross primary school enrollments.

Keywords: Poverty, Growth, Human Development, Health, Education, Africa

JEL Classification: I12, I21, I31, O10

Suggested Citation

Moser, Gary and Ichida, Toshi, Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa (August 2001). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=879847 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.879847

Gary Moser (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Toshi Ichida

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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