Financing Firms in India
63 Pages Posted: 30 Jun 2006 Last revised: 5 Dec 2011
Date Written: April 11, 2009
With extensive cross-country datasets and India firm samples, as well as our own surveys of small and medium firms, we examine the legal and business environments, financing channels, and growth patterns of different types of firms in India. Despite the English common-law origin and a British-style judicial system, Indian firms face weak investor protection in practice and poor institutions characterized by corruption and inefficiency. Alternative finance, including financing from all non-bank, non-market sources, and generally backed by non-legal mechanisms, constitutes the most important form of external finance. Bank loans provide the second most important external financing source. Firms with access to bank or market finance are not associated with higher growth rates. Our results indicate that bank and market finance is not superior to alternative finance in fast-growing economies such as India.
Keywords: India, banks, markets, alternative finance, growth
JEL Classification: O5, K0, G0
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation