Innovation Clusters in Technological Systems: A Network Analysis of 15 OECD Countries for the Middle '90s
37 Pages Posted: 28 Dec 2006
Date Written: February 9, 2007
The paper aims at investigating how innovations cluster in different technological systems (TSs) when their techno-economic, rather than territorial space is considered. Innovation clusters of economic sectors are identified by applying network analysis to the intersectoral R&D flows matrices of 15 OECD countries in the middle '90s. Different clusterization models are first tested in order to detect the way sectors group on the basis of the embodied R&D flows they exchange. Actual clusters are then mapped in the different TSs by looking for intersectoral relationships which can be qualified to constitute reduced-TSs (ReTSs).
In all the 15 TSs investigated the techno-economic space appears organized in hierarchies, along which its constitutive sectors group into clusters with different density and composition. Once ReTSs are looked or, the 15 TSs display highly heterogeneous structures, but with some interesting similarity on the basis of which different clusters of TSs can be identified in turn.
Keywords: Innovation clusters, technological systems, R&D expenditure
JEL Classification: O33, 038, 039
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation