Regulatory Federalism and the Distribution of Air Pollutant Emissions

24 Pages Posted: 30 Jan 2007

See all articles by Erwin H. Bulte

Erwin H. Bulte

Tilburg University - Department of Economics; Wageningen University

John A. List

University of Chicago - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Mark C. Strazicich

Appalachian State University - Department of Economics

Abstract

Recent empirical work suggests that (i) incomes are converging through time, and (ii) income and pollution levels are linked. This paper weds these two literatures by examining the spatial and temporal distribution of pollution. After establishing that theoretical predictions about whether pollution will converge are critically linked to certain structural parameters, we explore pollution convergence using state-level data on two important pollutants - nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides - from 1929 to 1999. We find stronger evidence of converging emission rates during the federal pollution control years (1970-1999) than during the local control years (1929-1969). These results suggest that income convergence alone may not be sufficient to induce convergence of pollutant emissions.

Suggested Citation

Bulte, Erwin H. and List, John A. and Strazicich, Mark C., Regulatory Federalism and the Distribution of Air Pollutant Emissions. Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 47, No. 1, pp. 155-178, February 2007, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=960367 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9787.2007.00504.x

Erwin H. Bulte (Contact Author)

Tilburg University - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands
+31 13 466 9111 (Phone)

Wageningen University

Hollandseweg 1
6706 KN
Wageningen
Netherlands

John A. List

University of Chicago - Department of Economics ( email )

1126 East 59th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Mark C. Strazicich

Appalachian State University - Department of Economics ( email )

Boone, NC 28608
United States

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